A supply chain diagnostic is a way to detect areas for improvement in the warehouse

Supply chain diagnostic: improving processes

03 February 2021

Are your logistics systems effective and productive enough? Before answering, you need to carry out a supply chain diagnostic, that is, an analysis of the performance of your logistics processes. The goal is to define actions that can enhance your company’s results.

Logistics fulfills the function of delivering orders to customers at the right time and as per the agreed-upon terms. To achieve this, it’s essential for operations in your supply chain to be well organized. At the same time, you have to decide what goods you need and in what quantities to, thus, be able to provide the desired service.

Carrying out a supply chain diagnostic is a starting point for many businesses looking to raise productivity in their installations. In this post, we’ll demonstrate that making improvements resulting from a supply chain diagnostic reduces costs, helps to provide more efficient service, and, in turn, enhances the organization’s corporate image.

Why conduct a supply chain diagnostic?

A supply chain diagnostic is an analysis of the different processes that take place in and outside of the warehouse. It assesses throughput as well as the status and particulars of operations such as storage, procurement, and picking. 

Many companies aspiring to be more competitive find themselves facing difficulties and inefficiencies: they have overstock issues, a slow return on investment, low productivity, long response times, and/or excessive logistics costs. These problems are the result of shortcomings in terms of the management systems used and the lack of foresight and planning when addressing market needs. The good news: these complications can be detected and resolved by means of a supply chain diagnostic.

This study can be undertaken by a supply chain consultant, such as a supplier of storage solutions and warehouse management systems (as in the case of Interlake Mecalux). This evaluation can also be made by 4PL and 5PL logistics providers, which also offer consulting services.

A supply chain diagnostic checks a warehouse’s operational throughput to identify scope for improvement to conduct a supply chain diagnostic
A supply chain diagnostic checks a warehouse’s operational throughput to identify scope for improvement to conduct a supply chain diagnostic

How to conduct a supply chain diagnostic?

When a consulting firm performs the diagnostic, it’s important that it work together with the logistics manager; this person knows the installation’s ins and outs better than anyone and, thus, is in a better position to propose enhancements. It’s also advisable to be equipped with specialized software that enables you to interpret warehouse data and monitor workflows in real time to then make appropriate decisions. In a diagnostic, data analysis is crucial for arriving at the right conclusions.

Take, for example, a company affected by a high volume of complaints due to late order deliveries. The simplest answer would be to attribute this problem to slow order prep. However, following the supply chain diagnostic process, it’s found that the inefficiency lies in the receiving area. Because of lack of planning, the goods remained there for too long before being stored. To solve this, various decisions could be made, such as implementing a WMS to manage inflows more efficiently, automating goods receipt, and/or changing the working method by putting in place cross-docking. In any event, a data-based diagnostic is the only real way to accurately identify the causes of the problem and apply the appropriate corrective actions.

Symptom:

Order delivery delays

Consequences - Customer complaints
- Returns
- Bad corporate image
Causes - Lack of organization in the receiving area
Possible corrective actions - Implement a warehouse management system
- Automate goods receipt
- Establish logistics planning
- Change the work methodology
- Set up cross-docking
 

Supply chain diagnostic: techniques and methods  

Conducting a supply chain diagnostic gives you a complete overview of everything that occurs in your logistics chain, identifying errors and, of course, opportunities. This analysis should be performed in phases, ranging from understanding the business, its current situation, and the state of the industry to identifying the various problems specifically arising in the installation.

With real-time data and information about the warehouse, improvements can be made
With real-time data and information about the warehouse, improvements can be made

A supply chain diagnostic takes into account the particular characteristics of a company’s logistics systems (size of the logistics center, warehouse layout, order picking method, number of workers per shift, automation level, etc.) to analyze the throughput of each operation. It’s necessary to achieve a balance between all these elements; otherwise, bottlenecks could occur, reducing productivity.

Let’s take a look at the variables to examine in a supply chain diagnostic:

  • Infrastructure. the installation’s location and attributes directly impact operational performance. Therefore, the following areas should be analyzed:
        - Floor. This should be in good condition, without holes or dampness that could pose a risk.
        - Loading and unloading docks. These are critical, so fast goods entries and exits should be a priority.
        - Layout. The warehouse layout should facilitate flows and product organization according to the ABC analysis.
        - Space. The aisles should be wide enough for forklifts to maneuver as required. 
     
  • Processes. This point indicates how to perform operations in the installation in order to identify irregularities and determine whether everything is properly documented. For starters, it’s a good idea to compare how operations are carried out based on the SCOR (supply-chain operations reference) model. This tool was developed by the international organization Supply Chain Council in 1996 (there are now 12 versions available) and serves to standardize supply chain processes.
     
  • Inventory. Stock management is a priority for every company. A WMS such as Easy WMS from Interlake Mecalux provides you with details on the goods (date of arrival, obsolescence, turnover, availability, etc.). In addition, this software takes into account variables such as lead time and demand forecasts to avoid stockouts.
     
  • Workplace safety. The interaction between operators and handling equipment increases the possibility of accidents. As a result, occupational risks must be evaluated. To ensure warehouse safety, aspects such as the condition of the racks and forklifts, lighting, cleanliness, and aisle organization are considered. OSHA rule 1910.176(b) effectively states that material stored in tiers must be made safe to establish safe working conditions that minimize any potential damage to people and storage equipment.

What’s measured can be upgraded

Transformation and change constitute the true essence of logistics, as all companies must adapt to new market trends if they want to stay in business. To do so, they should carry out a supply chain diagnostic assessing the quality of their processes and state of their installations.

WMSs monitor everything that occurs in a warehouse, providing data on how to perform operations
WMSs monitor everything that occurs in a warehouse, providing data on how to perform operations

After analyzing their supply chains, businesses identify and apply upgrades to achieve greater productivity and better results. For this, it’s vital to have real-time data and information on how to fulfill the various tasks.

But how do you obtain and analyze those data? Get in touch with Interlake Mecalux to learn how Supply Chain Analytics Software can help. This system groups together a large amount of data generated in the installation to then convert them into useful information. Make the most of all that information to overhaul your processes, boosting their efficiency!